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Untitled Document Soon after that Gulam Ahmad resigned (1876), and returned to Qadiyan following his father’s death. During the next two decades, he invented and reinvented himself as a pious man, religious reformer (took ba’it), defender of faith, and then used twisted logic (similar to Bab) to declare himself Promised Mahadi, Promised Messiah, and finally a Prophet. A small minority of Muslims, some relatives (1st wife and children refused to accept his claim), and close associates went along with him into this cul de sac where he declared Muslims, who did not accept his prophethood, Kafirs. Orthodox Muslims and their leaders condemned and declared Gulam Ahmad and his followers non-Muslim, a position now maintained by almost all Muslim States. He died in 1908 from gastroenteritis or cholera after suffering from diabetes, paralysis, and probably dementia in later age. A few years after his death, his followers (Ahmadi) were split in two factions, Qadianis and Lahoris.

Allama Iqbal proposed that by the advent of prophet Muhammad mankind had achieved enough social and cognitive maturity to be the recipient of Eternal Truths, therefore, Allah in His wisdom completed His message in the Quran. The Almighty made sure that the Quran was detailed (S. 6/115), contained Eternal truths (S.5/48), had no deficiency (S.6/38), contained formulae to address all problems (S.10/57), and took responsibility for its protection (S.15/9). With the completion of the Quran, Allah proclaimed that His Law was completed (S.6/116) and will remain valid for all mankind (S.81/27) and for all times. Iqbal stressed that all current and future problems facing mankind can be resolved in the light of Quranic principles, hence, there is no need for future revelation or prophets.

Magian culture (associated with Zorasterism, Judaism, Christianity, Chaldean, and Sabean religions) suffered repeated disintegration and rebuilding of its communities while experiencing religious adventurism until Islam emancipated mankind from this morbid anxiety through belief in the Finality of Prophethood (of Muhammad {pbuh}). A God unleashing earthquakes and plagues on demand, a prophet acting out as a soothsayer, and the idea of continuity of the spirit of Messiah have their origins in early Judaism. Iqbal considered these concepts to be bastard and alien to the soul of Islam. Heretical movements in Iran took advantage of the gaps in Shia theology by reintroducing Magian concepts in the garb of buruz, hulul, zill, etc. The same trick was employed in the Sunni sub-continent where Muslims had, historically, accepted Sufi concepts like chilla, kashaf, and ilham as part of Islam. Both movements, Bahai and Ahmadi, survived due to ignorant Mullahism and a covert British support while global Muslim political power was declining.

Further Reading:
• 'Roohani Khazain' by Mirza Ghulam Ahmad
• 'Bahaullah and the New Era' by J.E. Esslemont
• 'Qadianis and the Orthodox Muslims' by Allama Iqbal
• 'Jhootey Nabi - False Prophets' by Rafiq Dilawari
• 'Talbess-e-Iblees' by Rafiq Dilawari

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