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Recognizing the Messiah


Assessing Mirza Ghulam Ahmad of Qaadiyaan:

His Claims, His Views, His Character, and His Movement


Overview of the Document Named Above, Dated July 2004



September 2004


Nuzhat J. Haneef



Copyright © 2004 by Nuzhat Haneef


Distribution and Translation Rights Granted to




I was a member of the Ahmadiyya Movement in Islam for many years but recently (in November 2003) decided to dissociate myself from it since I no longer accept Mirza Ghulam Ahmad’s claims as true. I have written a document to explain my reasons: Recognizing the Messiah. Assessing Mirza Ghulam Ahmad of Qaadiyaan: His Claims, His Views, His Character, and His Movement; it provides a critique of Mirza Ghulam Ahmad in his capacity as a claimant of Divine office, and of his claims.

I have made the document available to for publication on the web site. Since the document – actually, a rather detailed treatise -- is quite long, I am providing this overview so that the web site may use it as an introduction to the longer document. I describe each chapter below and provide links to a couple of summary sections.

·         Chapter 1: Introduction. In this chapter I introduce the document.

I describe the purpose of the document and provide an overview (similar to the one you are reading). In addition, I describe some of the documentation conventions I have used, provide an introduction to the Ahmadiyya Movement in Islam, and explain my review and analysis of Ahmadiyya literature.

·         Chapter 2: My Journey Through the Ahmadiyya Movement In Islam. This chapter recounts how I entered the Movement and what moved me to review my allegiance such that I finally decided to leave. It also states my current position with respect to the Ahmadiyya Movement.

·         Chapter 3: Mirza Ghulam Ahmad: The Evidence Examined. This chapter is the core of this document.

It examines material, mostly from Ahmadiyya sources, that provides evidence relevant to verification of Mirza Ghulam Ahmad’s claim of being a Divinely appointed reformer and prophet. The examined material belongs to or is related to one or more of the following categories:

1.        Mirza Ghulam Ahmad’s prophecies and the signs that he cites as indicators of the truth of his claim.

2.        His views and positions (expressed by him or explained in Ahmadiyya literature) on certain religious topics, particularly those views which attribute some special status to him.

3.        His character, as reflected in his writings/sayings and in Ahmadiyya biographies of him.

The last section of the chapter, Section 3.4, “Summary/Highlights of Examination Findings”, provides a table summarizing the main points from each major sub-section of the preceding sections of the chapter; you could review that table to see what is of interest to you.

·         Chapter 4: Counter Questions and Answers. This chapter presents some counter questions -- along with my answers to these questions -- that might occur to you as you read my review of Mirza Ghulam Ahmad and his claims.

You might say to yourself that even though some of the evidence you see presented is compelling and difficult to waive off, you cannot accept that the Ahmadiyya Movement is wrong because of such and such a counter argument. Many such questions occurred to me in my search for the truth and I tried to answer them for myself. In this chapter I share these questions and answers with you.

In the last section of this chapter, Section 4.3, “Summary of the Answers”, there is a table summarizing the questions as well as the answers. You could review this table to see what is of interest to you.

·         Chapter 5: Epilogue. In the main body of the document I do not discuss Mirza Ghulam Ahmad’s motivations (except for a few comments here and there), since the purpose of this document is only to explain why I do not accept him as a Divine apostle. In the Epilogue, however, I do present my opinions about Mirza Ghulam Ahmad’s motivations and also discuss his modus operandi.

Additionally, I share with you some thoughts regarding my current and future religious position.

·         Chapter 6: Bibliography. The first section of this chapter lists a few sources of anti-Ahmadiyya information and the second section lists references cited in this document.

·         Attachment: Membership Termination Correspondence: This provides copies of my correspondence with the Ahmadiyya Movement related to the termination of my membership.


Some of the issues I raise in this document are entirely my own (i.e., I did not happen to see them documented anywhere else) but most of them are already available in anti-Ahmadiyya literature in some form. However, in almost all cases, I have elaborated upon the issues from my own perspective and presented an analysis that is my own. Also, I have critiqued the Ahmadiyya refutation of many of these issues and also the overall deception in Ahmadiyya literature that provides a sanitized view of Mirza Ghulam Ahmad. This is particularly important for me because it was the subterfuge in Ahmadiyya literature that had misled me into accepting the truth of Mirza Ghulam Ahmad.

A significant comment I want to make is that my criticism of Mirza Ghulam Ahmad and the Ahmadiyya Movement is from a universal viewpoint, not an Islaamic viewpoint. My analysis and conclusions are not based on theological grounds but rather on rational and moral grounds. Even when I do cite Islaamic principles or positions that conflict with some statement or practice of Mirza Ghulam Ahmad or of the Ahmadiyya Movement, they are those that are accepted by the Ahmadiyya Movement itself. Furthermore, I usually only cite such Islaamic principles to present a supplemental argument, not as a primary issue.

As I see it, my criticism of Mirza Ghulam Ahmad and the Ahmadiyya Movement should make sense to any rational person, Muslim or not.

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